Bio 104 - Stark - Study suggestions

Take good notes and study them


(My suggestion of the order in which to study - only a suggestion.) Come to lecture with the outines (see below) and figures (see below). Take lots of notes. Study them the very same day: (1) Fill in blanks you may have left if you could not write fast enough. (2) Read the book and fix up your notes from the book. Evaluate for yourself what material from the book is not emphasized. By the time of the the test, your notes should look studied. Underline or highlight vocabulary and/or points you still need to learn. Use different colors or styles for different marks (additions to your notes from the book, vocabulary, etc.)

Make yourself a vocbulary list

Let's take for instance an early lecture (inorganic chemistry:
http://starklab.slu.edu/Bio104/InorgChem.htm
Even though the outline is very short, the following constitutes a list of terms that you should be able to discuss after that lecture:
atoms
atomic weight
autoradiography
calcium
carbon
carbon-fourteen
chloride
covalent bonding
electrons
elements
energy
fluorescence
half life
hydrogen
inorganic
ion
ionic bonding
iron
isotope
matter
molecule
neutrons
organic
oxygen
periodic table
phosphate
phosphorus
photosynthesis
pigment
potassium
protons
radioactivity
respiration
sodium
sodium chloride
sulfur
tritium

How to use posted exams to study

It is never too early to utilize posted exams as a supplement because you should be certain that you have the information needed to understand the question and to know why the answer is correct and why the alternatives are not. Let me use Question #2 from Test #1 as an example, because most of the material is covered early in the semester.

2. An anabolic steroid would be what kind of chemical?
(a) hydrocarbon
(b) peptide
*(c) lipid
(d) inorganic
(e) polar phospholipid

Now let us dissect that question:

An anabolic steroid would be what kind of chemical?
You should have in the "organic chemistry" lecture that "anabolic" applies to constructive metabolism such as the muscle growth that results from steroid abuse. You should also have steroids listed among the lipids. Do you have this in your notebook? If not, you should be taking better notes. If so, did you study those points?

(a) hydrocarbon
From the same lecture, you should have the information about hydrocarbons including that they include molecules such as gasoline. Do you have this in your notebook? If not, you should be taking better notes. If so, did you study those points?

(b) peptide
From the Proteins lecture, you should have that peptides are chains of amino acids, small proteins. Do you have this in your notebook? If not, you should be taking better notes. If so, did you study those points?

(c) lipid
(*the correct answer) Do you have this in your notebook? If not, you should be taking better notes. If so, did you study those points?

(d) inorganic
In the first lecture after Chapter 1, inorganic cnemistry is distinguished from organic chemistry. If you really understand this point, it should be obvious that this is not the answer.

(e) polar phospholipid
These are also lipids but they are the backbone of the membrane. Covered in several lectures. Do you have this in your notebook? If not, you should be taking better notes. If so, did you study those points?

The figures

I have gone to a lot of trouble to indicate the figures I will be showing. These figures are really full of information. One study suggestion would be to make a nice, neat copy before lecture (trim off all but the figure) and take notes about what is being said about the figures right on the copy in your note book.

Using the outlines

Remember that the outlines are just that, outlines. They are far short of notes you should be taking. You can make a copy of the outline before lecture so that you can save yourself the trouble of rewriting what I wrote. Make sure you have enough clear paper to write notes. If you have a 3-ring binder, print out the outlines one-sided a few lectures ahead and punch holes and put them in the notebook. If you punch on the right side of the page, you will have the back side of the next page clear to supplement the outline you will see to your left. If you have a laptop, you can have the lecture on your laptop and add your notes into the outline neatly (if you are good at typing under lecture circumstances; you might still want a paper notebook for drawing diagrams.

This page was last updated 7/24/02

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