Research publications

 

Refereed Articles and Invited Chapters (with PubMed [as opposed to ClubMed] hyperlinks on selected items)

 

1.Stark, W.S. and Wasserman, G.S. Transient and receptor potentials in the electroretinogram of Drosophila. Vision Research, 1972, 12, 1771-1775. PubMed

 

2. Stark, W.S. Effect of eye color pigments on the action spectrum of Drosophila.Journal of Insect Physiology, 1973, 19, 999-1006. PubMed

3. Stark, W.S. and Wasserman, G.S. Wavelength-specific ERG characteristicsof pigmented- and white-eyed strains of Drosophila. Journal of Comparative Physiology, 1974, 91, 427-441.

4. Stark, W.S. Spectral selectivity of visual response alterations mediated by interconversions of native and intermediate photopigments in Drosophila. Journal of Comparative Physiology, 1975, 96, 343-356.

5. Stark, W. S. and Zitzmann, W.G. Isolation of adaptation mechanisms and photopigment spectra by vitamin A deprivation in Drosophila. Journal of Comparative Physiology, 1976, 105, 15-27.

6. Harris, W.A., Stark, W.S. and Walker, J.A. Genetic dissection of thephotoreceptor system in the compound eye of Drosophila melanogaster. Journal of Physiology, 1976, 256, 415-439.

7. Stark, W.S., Ivanyshyn, A.M. and Hu, K.G. Spectral sensitivities and photopigments in adaptation of fly visual receptors. Die Naturwissenschaften,1976, 63, 513-518. (Invited review).

8. Harris, W.A. and Stark, W.S. Hereditary retinal degeneration in Drosophila melanogaster: A mutant defect associated with the phototransduction process. The Journal of General Physiology, 1977, 69, 261-291. PubMed

9. Stark, W.S. Sensitivity and adaptation in R7, an ultraviolet photoreceptor, in the Drosophila retina. Journal of Comparative Physiology, 1977, 115,47-59.

10. Harris, W.A., Ready, D.F., Lipson, E.D., Hudspeth, A.J. and Stark, W.S. Vitamin A deprivation and Drosophila photopigments. Nature, 1977, 266, 648-650. PubMed

11. Hu, K. G. and Stark, W.S. Specific receptor input into spectral preference in Drosophila. Journal of Comparative Physiology, 1977, 121, 241-252.

12. Stark, W.S., Ivanyshyn, A.M. and Greenberg, R.M. Sensitivity and photopigments of R1-6, a two-peaked photoreceptor, in Drosophila, Calliphora and Musca. Journal of Comparative Physiology, 1977, 121, 289-305.

13. Hu, K.G., Reichert, H. and Stark, W.S. Electrophysiological characterization of Drosophila ocelli. Journal of Comparative Physiology, 1978, 126, 15-24.

14. Stark, W.S., Frayer, K.L. and Johnson, M.A. Photopigment and receptor properties in Drosophila compound eye and ocellar receptors. Biophysics of Structure and Mechanism, 1979, 5, 197-209. (Invited review to accompany European Neurosciences Association 1978 Meeting presentation).

15. Stark, W.S. Stavenga, D.G. and Kruizinga, B. Fly photoreceptor fluorescence is related to UV sensitivity. Nature, 1979, 280, 581-583.

16. Hu, K.G. and Stark W.S. The roles of Drosophila ocelli and compound eyes in phototaxis. Journal of Comparative Physiology, 1980, 135, 85-95.

17. Sivasubramanian, P. and Stark, W.S. Photoreceptor properties of an ectopic eye in the fleshfly, Sarcophaga bullata. Experientia, 1980, 36, 993-994.

18. Stark, W.S. and Johnson, M.A. Microspectrophotometry of Drosophila visual pigments: determinations of conversion efficiency in R1-6 receptors. Journal of Comparative Physiology, 1980, 140, 275-286.

19. Miller, G.V., Hansen, K.N. and Stark, W.S. Phototaxis in Drosophila:R1-6 input and interaction among ocellar and compound eye receptors. Journal of Insect Physiology, 1981, 27, 813-819.

20. Johnson, M.A., Frayer, K.L. and Stark, W.S. Characteristics of rdgA: Mutants with retinal degeneration in Drosophila. Journal of Insect Physiology,1982, 28, 233-242.

21. Stark, W.S. and Tan, K.E.W.P. Ultraviolet light: Photosensitivity and other effects of the visual system. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 1982,36, 371-380. (Invited review to accompany American Society for Photobiology1981 Meeting Lecture). PubMed

22. Eldred, G.E., Miller, G.V., Stark, W.S. and Feeney-Burns, L. Lipofuscin: Resolution of discrepant fluorescence data. Science, 1982, 216, 757-759. PubMed

23. Stark, W.S. and Carlson, S.D. Ultrastructural pathology of the compound eye and optic neuropiles of the retinal degeneration mutant (w rdgBKS222) Drosophila melanogaster. Cell and Tissue Research, 1982, 225, 11-22. PubMed

24. Stark, W. S., Chen, D.-M., Johnson, M. A. and Frayer, K. L. The rdgB gene in Drosophila: Retinal degeneration in different mutant alleles and inhibition degeneration by norpA. Journal of Insect Physiology, 1983, 29,123-131.

25. Chen, D.-M., and Stark, W. S. Sensitivity and adaptation in the Drosophila phototransduction and photoreceptor degeneration mutants trp and rdgB. Journal of Insect Physiology, 1983, 29,133-140.

26. Stark, W. S. and Carlson, S. D. Ultrastructure of the compound eye and first optic neuropile of the photorecptor mutant oraJK84 of Drosophila.Cell and Tissue Research, 1983, 233, 305-317. PubMed

27. Stark, W.S., Miller, G.V., and Itoku, K.A. Calibration of microspectrophotometers as it applies to the detection of lipofuscin and the blue and yellow emitting fluorophores in situ. Chap. 42 In: Methods in Enzymology: (series eds.:S.P. Colowick and N.O. Kaplan): Vol. 105 Oxygen Radicals in Biological Systems (vol. ed. L. Packer) New York: Academic Press, 1984 pp. 341-347. (Invited chapter.). PubMed

28. Sivasubramanian, P. and Stark, W. S. Development of visual sensitivity in the fly Sarcophaga bullata. Experientia, 1983, 39, 318-320.

29. Miller, G.V., Itoku, K.A., Fleischer, A.B. and Stark, W.S. Studies of fluorescence in Drosophila compound eyes: Changes induced by intense light and vitamin A deprivation. Journal of Comparative Physiology, 1984, 154,297-305.

30. Stark, W.S., Carlson, S.D. Blue and ultraviolet light induced damage to the Drosophila retina: ultrastructure. Current Eye Research l984, 3, l44l-l454. PubMed

31. Marcey, D. and Stark, W.S. The morphology, physiology and neural projections of supernumerary compound eyes in Drosophila melanogaster. Developmental Biology, l985, l07, l80-l97. PubMed

32. Stark, W. S. and Carlson, S.D. Retinal degeneration in rdgA mutantsof Drosophila melanogaster meigen (Diptera: Drosophilidae). International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology, 1985, 14, 243-254.

33. Stark, W.S., Walker, K.D. and Eidel, J.M. Ultraviolet and blue light induced damage to the Drosophila retina: microspectrophotometry and electrophysiology. Current Eye Research, 1985, 4, 1059-1075. PubMed

34. Stark, W.S. and Carlson, S.D. Ultrastructure and functional evaluation of capitate projections in dipteran optic neuropil. Cell and Tissue Research,1986, 246, 481-486. PubMed

35. Stark, W.S. Photopic sensitivities to ultraviolet and visible wavelengths and the effects of the macular pigments in human aphakic observers. Current Eye Research, 1987, 6, 631-638. PubMed

36. Stark, W.S. and Sapp, R. Ultrastructure of the retina of Drosophila melanogaster: the mutant ora (outer rhabdomeres absent) and its inhibition of degeneration in rdgB (retinal degeneration-B). Journal of Neurogenetics, 1987, 4, 227-240. PubMed

37. Stark, W.S. and Sapp, R. Eye color pigment granules in wild-type and mutant Drosophila melanogaster. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 1988, 66, 1301-1308.

38. Stark, W.S., Sapp, R. and Schilly, D. Rhabdomere turnover and rhodopsin cycle: Maintenance of retinula cells in Drosophila melanogaster. Journal of Neurocytology, 1988, 17, 499-509. PubMed

39. Stark, W.S., Sapp, R., and Carlson, S.D. Photoreceptor maintenance and degeneration in the norpA (no receptor potential-A) mutant of Drosophila melanogaster. Journal of Neurogenetics, 1989, 5, 49-59. PubMed

40. Stark, W.S., Sapp, R. and Haymer, D.S. Eye color pigment granules in Drosophila mauritiana: Mosaics produced by excision of a transposable element. Pigment Cell Research, 1989, 2 86-92. PubMed

41. Stark, W.S., Sapp, R. and Carlson, S.D. Ultrastructure of the ocellar visual system in normal and mutant Drosophila melanogaster. Journal of Neurogenetics,1989, 5, 127-153. PubMed PubMed

42. Stark, W.S. and Sapp, R. Retinal degeneration and photoreceptor maintenance in Drosophila: rdgB and its interaction with outer mutants. In: Inherited and Environmentally Induced Retinal Degenerations: (ed: M.M. LaVail, R.E. Anderson and J. G. Hollyfield) New York: Alan R. Liss, Inc. 1989. pp.467-489 (Invited Chapter). PubMed

43. Stark, W.S., Schilly, D., Christianson, J.S., Bone, R.A. and Landrum,J.T. Photoreceptor specific efficiencies of b-carotene, zeaxanthin and lutein for photopigment formation deduced from receptor mutant Drosophila melanogaster. Journal of Comparative Physiology, 1990, 166, 429-436. PubMed

44. Zinkl, G., Maier, L., Studer, K., Sapp, R., Chen, D.-M., Stark, W. S.Microphotometric, ultrastructural and electrophysiological analyses of light dependent processes on visual receptors in white-eyed wild-type and norpA (no receptor potential) mutant Drosophila. Visual Neuroscience, 1990, 5, 429-439. PubMed

45. Stark, W. S., Christianson, J. S., Maier, L., Chen, D.-M. Inherited and environmentally induced retinal degenerations in Drosophila. In Retinal Degenerations. Stockholm Retinal Degenerations Satellite Symposium Proceedings Book. (eds. R. E. Anderson, J. G. Hollyfield, M. M. LaVail), Boca Raton, CRC Press, 1991, pp. 61-75

46. Sapp, R, J., Christianson, J. S., Stark, W. S. Turnover of membrane and opsin in visual receptors of normal and mutant Drosophila. Journal of Neurocytology, 1991, 20, 597-608. PubMed

47. Katz, M. L., Gao, C.-L., Kutryb, M., Norberg, M.,Gao, C.-L., White,R. H., Stark, W. S. Maintenance of opsin density in photoreceptor outer segments of retinoid-deprived rats. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 1991, 32, 1968-1980. PubMed

48. Sapp, R. J., Christianson, J. S., Maier, L., Studer, K. Stark, W. S. Carotenoid replacement therapy in Drosophila: Recovery of membrane, opsin and visual pigment. Experimental Eye Research, 1991, 53, 73-79. PubMed

49. Chen, D.-M., Christianson, J.S., Sapp, R.J., Stark, W.S. Visual receptor cycle in normal and period mutant Drosophila: A circadian rhythm and its entrainment. Visual Neuroscience, 1992, 9, 125-135. PubMed

50. Griswold, M. S., Stark, W. S. Scotopic spectral sensitivity of phakic and aphakic observers extending into the near ultraviolet. Vision Research,1992, 32, 1732-1743. PubMed

51. Chen, D.-M., Stark, W. S. Electrophysiological sensitivity of carotenoid deficient and replaced Drosophila. Visual Neuroscience, 1992, 9, 461-469.PubMed

52.
Stark, W. S., Lin, T.-N., Brackhahn, D., Christianson, J. S., Sun, G.Y. Phospholipids in Drosophila heads: Effects of visual mutants and phototransduction manipulations . Lipids, 1993, 28, 23-28. PubMed

53. Stark, W. S., Lin, T.-N., Brackhahn, D., Christianson, J. S., Sun, G.Y. Fatty acids in the lipids of Drosophila heads: Effects of visual mutants, carotenoid deprivation and dietary fatty acids. Lipids 1993, 28, 345-350. PubMed

54. Chen, D.-M., Stark, W. S. The effects of temperature on visual receptors in temperature-sensitive paralytic paralytic shibire (shits) mutant Drosophila. Journal of Insect Physiology 1993, 39, 385-392.

55. Katz, M. L., Chen, D.-M., Stientjes, H. J., Stark, W.S. Photoreceptor recovery in retinoid-deprived rats after vitamin A replenishment. Experimental Eye Research 1993, 56, 671-682. PubMed

 

56. Sun, D., Chen, D.-M., Harrelson, A., Stark, W. S. Enhancement of expression of chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) by carotenoid and retinoid replacement in opsin promoter - CAT reporter fusion Drosophila. Experimental Eye Research, 1993, 57, 177-187. PubMed

57. Carulli, J., Chen, D.-M., Brown, G., Stark, W.S., Hartl, D. L. Phylogeny and physiology of Drosophila. opsins, Journal of Molecular Evolution, 1994,38, 250-262. PubMed

58. Stark, W. S., Wagner, R., Gillespie, C. Ultraviolet sensitivity of three cone types in the aphakic observer determined by chromatic adaptation. Vision Research (issue devoted to ultraviolet vision), 1994, 34, 1457-1459. PubMed

59. Brown, G., Chen, D.-M., Christianson, J. S., Lee, R., Stark, W. S. Receptor demise from alteration of glycosylation site in Drosophila opsin: Electrophysiology, microspectrophotometry and electron microscopy. Visual Neuroscience 1994,11, 619-628. PubMed

60. Chen, D.-M., Stark, W. S. Electroretinographic analysis of ultraviolet sensitivity in juvenile and adult goldfish retinas, Vision Research, 1994,34, 2941-2944. PubMed

61. McKay, R. R, Chen, D.-M., Miller, K., Kim, S., Stark, W. S., Shortridge,R. D. Phospholipase C rescues defect in norpA mutant of Drosophila melanogaster. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 1995, 270, 13271-13276. PubMed, Full paper on line, view PDF file

62. Stark, W. S., Hunnius, D., Mertz, J. Chen, D.-M. Drosophila as a model for photoreceptor dystrophies and cell death. In Degenerative Diseases of the Retina (eds. R. E. Anderson, M. M. LaVail, J. G. Hollyfield), New York, Plenum, 1995, 217-226.

63. Stark, W. S., White, R. H. Carotenoid replacement in Drosophila. Freeze fracture electron microscopy. Journal of Neurocytology, 1996, 25, 233-241. PubMed

64. Picking, W. L., Chen, D.-M., Lee, R. D., Vogt, M. E., Polizzi, J. L., Marietta, R. G., Stark, W. S. Control of Drosophila opsin gene expression by carotenoids and retinoic acid: Northern and Western analyses. Experimental Eye Research, 1996, 493-500. PubMed

65. Lee, R. D., Thomas, C. F., Marietta, R. G., Stark, W. S. Vitamin A, visual pigments and visual receptors in Drosophila. Microscopy Research and Technique (invited paper for issue devoted to visual receptors), 1996,35, 418-430. PubMed

66. Stark, W. S. Comparative biology of receptor recovery by retinoid replacement in retinoid deprived flies and rodents. In Degenerative Retinal Diseases (eds. M. M. LaVail, J. G. Hollyfield, R. E. Anderson), New York, Plenum, 1997, 135-143.

67. Shim, K., Picking, W. L., Kutty, K., Thomas, C. F., Wiggert, B., Stark,W. S. Control of Drosophila retinoid and fatty acid binding glycoprotein expression by retinoids and retinoic acid: Northern, western and immunocytochemical analyses. Experimental Eye Research, 1997, 65, 717-727. PubMed

68. Liou, G. I., Matragoon, S., Chen, D.-M., Gao, C. L., Zhang, L., Fei,Y., Katz, M. L. Stark, W. S. Visual sensitivity and interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein in the mouse: Regulation by vitamin A. The FASEB Journal, 1998,12,129-138. PubMed, Full paper on-line, View pdf file

69. van Huizen, R., Miller, K., Chen, D.-M., Li, Y., Lai, Z.-C., Raab, R.W., Stark, W. S., Shortridge, R. D., Li, M. Two distantly positioned PDZ domains mediate multivalent INAD-phospholipase C interactions essential for the G protein-coupled signalling. EMBO Journal, 1998, 17, 2285-2297. PubMed, Full paper on line, View pdf file

70. Chen, D.-M., Dong, G, Stark, W. S. Ultraviolet light damage and reversal by retinoic acid in juvenile goldfish. In Retinal Degenerative Diseases and Experimental Therapy (eds. J. G. Hollyfield, R. E. Anderson, M. M. LaVail),New York, Plenum, 1999, 325-336.

 

71. Neckameyer, W., O'Donnell, J., Huang, Z., Stark, W. Dopamine and sensory tissue development in Drosophila melanogaster. J. Neurobiology, 2001, 47, 280-294. PubMed. Abstract on line, View the pdf file

 

72. Shim, K., Zavarella, K. M., Thomas, C. T., Shortridge, R. D., Stark, W. S. Evidence for indirect control of phospholipase C (PLC-b) by retinoids in Drosophila phototransduction. Molecular Vision, 2001; 7:216-221. PubMed, Full paper on line, View pdf file.

 

73. Kim, S., Chen, D.-M., Zavarella, K., Fourtner, C. F., Stark, W. S., Shortridge, R. D. Substitution of a non-retinal phospholipase C in Drosophila phototransduction. Insect Molecular Biology 12: 147-153, 2003. PubMed, Abstract on line

 

74. Stark, W. S., Thomas, C. F. Microscopy of multiple visual receptor types in Drosophila, Molecular Vision, 2004, 2004; 10:943-955, PubMed, Full paper on line. View pdf file.

 

75. Lalonde, M.M., Janssens, H., Rosenbaum, E., Choi, S.Y., Gergen, J. P., Colley, N.J., Stark, W.S., Frohman, M.A.. Regulation of phototransduction responsiveness and retinal degeneration by a phospholipase D-generated signaling lipid. J. Cell Biol. 169, 471-479, 2005. PubMed, Full paper on line, View pdf file.

 

Research Notes:

 

1. Stark, W.S. The effect of ether and carbon dioxide on the componentsof the ERG in Drosophila. Drosophila Information Service, 1972, 48, 82.

2. Stark, W.S. and Wasserman, G.S. Temporal properties of the ERG on-transientrecorded in the retina and lamina. Drosophila Information Service, 1972,49, 63.

3. Stark, W.S. Light-elicited wavelength-specific shifts in the ERG visualsensitivity of Drosophila. Drosophila Information Service, 1972, 49, 69.

4. Stark, W.S. and Clark, A.W. Visual synaptic structure in normal and blindDrosophila. Drosophila Information Service, 1973, 50, 105-106.

5. Stark, W.S. Spectral absorption characteristics of sepiapterin measuredin situ and in vivo. Drosophila Information Service, 1974, 51, 46-47.

6. Stark, W.S. Diet, vitamin A and vision in Drosophila. Drosophila Service,1977, 52, 47.

7. Stark, W.S., Hu, K.G. and Srygley, R.B. Comparisons of phototaxis propertiesin differing mazes. Drosophila Information Service, 1981, 56, 131-132.

8. Stark, W.S., Srygley, R.G. and Greenberg, R.M. Analysis of a compoundeye mosaic of outer rhabdomeres absent marked with cardinal. DrosophilaInformation Service, 1981, 56, 132-133.

9. Antoine, M.L., Itoku, K.A. and Stark, W.S. How developmentally relatedare photoreceptors and pigment cells in Drosophila compound eyes? DrosophilaInformation Service, 1983, 59, 13-14.

10. Stark, W.S., Srivastava, K., Carlson, S.D., and Garment, M.B. Characteristicsof none, a mutant with no ocelli and narrow eyes. Drosophila InformationService 1984, 60, 191-193.

11. Stark, W.S. and Carlson, S.D. Retinal degeneration in rdgBKS222 is blockedby oraJK84 which lacks photoreceptor organelles. Drosophila InformationService l985, 6l, 162-164.

12. Stark, W.S. and Carlson, S.D. Ultrastructure of the compound eye andfirst order neuropile of the sevenless (sev) mutant of Drosophila melanogaster.Drosophila Information Service l985, 6l, 164-166.

13. Stark, W.S., Hartman, C.R., Sapp, R., Carlson, S.D., Claude, P. andBhattacharyya, A. Vitamin A replacement therapy in Drosophila. DrosophilaInformation Service, 1987, 66, 136-137.

14. Stark, W.S. and Eidel, J.M. Ultraviolet phototaxis in Drosophila inthe Hirsch Hadler maze. Drosophila Information Service, 1987, 66, 135-136.

15. Stark, W.S. and Carlson, S. D. Comparison of the surfaces of glnone'socelli and compound eyes with those of several other glass alleles. DrosophilaInformation Service 1991, 70, 217-219.

16. Stark, W. S., Brown, G., Rodriguez, D., Carulli, J. P. Visual structurein a strain of Drosophila virilis which lacks R7. Drosophila InformationService1993, 72, 164-167.

17. Stark, W. S., M. Fesi, H. Barnhill, S. D. Carlson, Morphology of thesurface of the compound eye in Drosophila melanogaster and virilis: strainswith and without R7. Drosophila Information Service 1994, 75, 102-103.

18. Juang, J.-L., Stark, W. S., Carlson, S. D. Scanning electron microscopyof the retina of Drosophila. Drosophila Information Service 1994, 75, 104-105.

19. Hunnius,D.J., J.P.Carulli, C.F.Thomas, W.S.Stark. Microscopy and geneticsof a Drosophila virilis mutant lacking R7 in the compound eye. DrosophilaInformation Service, 1996, 77, 137-139.

20. White,R.J., J.C.Eissenberg and W.S.Stark. Eye color mosaicism in ocelliin variegating lines of Drosophila melanogaster. Drosophila InformationService, 1997, 80, 13-14.


21. Stark, W.S., Carlson, S.D. The glossy eye of lozenge (lz) studied by high power scanning electron microscopy of compound eyes and ocelli.. Drosophila Information Service, 83, 2000, 49-51.

22. Vricella, G., Shim, K., Thomas, C. F., Stark, W. S., Structure, function and expression of a retinoid binding protein in rugose (rg) mutants. Drosophila Information Service, 83, 2000, 65-67.

 

23. Haskins, M.M, and W. S. Stark, Drosophila melanogaster lack R7/8 mediated phototaxis in mutants lacking

rhodopsin in R1-6 photoreceptors in the compound eye. Drosophila Information Service, 89, 17-19, 2006. On line

 

24. Denny, G., Stark, W. S. Vitamin A deprivation does not decrease fluorescence of ARF72-RFP, a label

for Golgi apparatus, in Drosophila visual receptors. Drosophila Information Service, 2009, 92: 117-119. On line

 

25. Selimovic, A., Denny, G. Stark, W. S. Room light decreases rhodopsin in Drosophila rhabdomeres. Drosophila

Information Service, 2010, 93, 1-2. On line

 

26. Shah, Chintan, Nihar Shah, Katelyn Anderson, George Denny, Barbara Nagel, Jan Ryerse, and William S. Stark, Light-induced retinal degeneration in Drosophila with green fluorescent protein (GFP) attached to rhodopsin. Drosophila Information Service, volume 94, 2011, 80-82. On line

 

27. Katelyn Anderson and William Stark Confocal Microscopy of light Induced holes deep in compound eyes of white-eyed Drosophila. Drosophila Information Service, volume 95, 2012, 92-93 On Line

 

28. Denny, George and William S. Stark Rhodopsin traffic investigation with the heat shock promoter. Drosophila Information Service, volume 95, 2012, 79-81 On line

 

National & International Convention Presentations:
(* marks abstract citation when available):


1. Stark, W.S. Absorption of Drosophila melangoaster eye color pigmentsmeasured in vivo. Genetics Society of America, 1972, Minneapolis, MN (*Genetics,71, s61-s62).

2. Stark, W.S. Electroretinographic (ERG) evidence for a color processingpotential in the retina of Drosophila. 15th Drosophila Research Conference,1973, DeKalb, IL.

3. Stark, W. and Wasserman, G. Parametric analysis of the ERG in eye colormutants of Drosophila. XIII International Congress of Genetics, 1973, Berkeley,CA (*Genetics, 74, s265).

4. Stark, W. Spectral responsivity of phototactic and nonphototactic Drosophila.Genetics Society of America, 1974, Bloomington, IL. (*Genetics, 77, s61-s62).

5. Stark, W.S. Physiological responsivity shifts of Drosophila visual system.Society for Neuroscience, 1974, St. Louis, MO (*Program and Abstracts, p.434).

6. Stark, W., Harris, W. and Walker, J. Genetic isolation of three receptorspectral sensitivities with different photopigment conversions in Drosophila.Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1975, Sarasota, FL(* ARVO 75, p.5).

7. Harris, W. and Stark, W. Light-sensitive hereditary photoreceptor degenerationin Drosophila. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1975,Sarasota, FL (* ARVO 75, p.5).

8. Walker, J., Stark, W. and Harris, W. Genetic dissection of the Drosophilaretina. Genetics Society of America, 1975, Chapel Hill, NC (* Genetics,80, s82-s83).

9. Stark, W.S., Pransky, G.S. and Zitzmann, W.G. Separation of photopigmentfrom membrane adaptation by vitamin A deprivation in the Drosophila retina.Society for Neuroscience, 1975, New York, NY (* Neuroscience Abstracts,1975, 1, p. 112).

10. Stark, W.S. Spectral sensitivity and adaptation mechanisms in Drosophila'sthree retinal receptor types (invited plenary session paper; also chairmanof behavior genetics paper session). 1976 Annual Drosophila Research Conference;Tempe, AZ.

11. Stark, W.S. and Harris, W.A. Physiological, genetic and vitamin A deprivationstudies of retinal degeneration and abnormal adaptation in Drosophila. Associationfor Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1976, Sarasota, FL (* ARVO 76,p. 16).

12. Stark, W.S. and Hu, K.G. Sensitivity, adaptation and function of R7,an ultraviolet receptor, in Drosophila. Society for Neuroscience, 1976,Toronto, Canada (* Neuroscience Abstracts, 1976, 2, p. 1094).

13. Hu, K.G. and Stark, W.S. Control of phototaxis by specific receptorsin Drosophila. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1977,Sarasota, FL (* Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement,1977, p. 121).

14. Stark, W.S. and Greenberg, R.M. Dual spectral peaks from one photopigment:Is energy transfer utilized by flies in visual transduction? Associationfor Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1977, Sarasota, FL (* InvestigativeOphthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, 1977, p. 61).

15. Stark, W.S., Greenberg, R.M. and Ivanyshyn, A.M. Energy, quanta andvision in Drosophila. Society for Neuroscience, 1977, Anaheim, CA (* NeuroscienceAbstracts, 1977, 3, p. 578).

16. Hu, K.G., Reichert, H. and Stark, W.S. Drosophila ocelli. American Associationfor the Advancement of Science, 1978, Washington, D.C. (* Abstracts of papers,ed. by A. Herschman. Washington, D.C.: AAAS, pub.no. 78-2, 1978, p. 138).

17. Hu, K.G., Reichert, H. and Stark, W.S. Electrophysiological characterizationof Drosophila ocelli. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology,1978, Sarasota, Fl (* Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement,1978, pp. 195-196).

18. Stark, W.S. Intensity spectra for photopigment activation and its adaptationalconsequences in Drosophila. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology,1978, Sarasota, FL (* Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement,1978, p. 239).

19. Stark, W.S. Photopigment conversion efficiency in fly compound eye andocellar receptors. European Neuroscience Association, 1978, Florence, Italy.(* Neuroscience Letters Supplement 1, 1978, p. s412).

20. Stark, W. S. Fly visual pigments: Conversion efficiency in compoundeye and ocellar receptors. Symposium on visual sensitivity and adaptation,1978, Guilford, England.

21. Stark, W.S., Kruizinga, B. and Stavenga, D.G. Rhabdomere fluorescenceand UV vision in fly R1-6 receptors. Association for Research in Visionand Ophthalmology, 1979, Sarasota, FL (* Investigative Ophthalmology andVisual Science Supplement, 1979 p. 177).

22. Johnson, M.A., Frayer, K.L. and Stark, W.S. Electrophysiologic and microspectrophotometriccharacterization of two Drosophila retinal degeneration mutants. Associationfor Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1979, Sarasota, FL. (* InvestigativeOphthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, 1979, p.4).

23. Zuidervaart, H., Stavenga, D.G., Stark, W.S., and Bernard, G.D. Pupillaryresponses revealing receptor characteristics in wild-type and mutant Drosophila.Society for Neuroscience, 1979, Atlanta, GA. (* Neuroscience Abstracts,1979, 5, p.814).

24. Stark, W., Sullivan, G., Hansen, K. and Garfinkel, F. Microspectrophotometryof dark recovery and bleaching of Drosophila photopigments. American Associationfor the Advancement of Science, 1980, San Francisco, CA. (* Abstracts ofPapers, ed. by A. Herschman. Washington D.C.: AAAS, pub no. 80-2, 1980,pp. 125-126).

25. Stark, W.S., Sullivan, G.B. and Frayer, K.L. Electrophysiology and microspectrophotometryof the interaction of visual excitation mutants in Drosophila. Associationfor Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1980, Orlando, FL. (* InvestigativeOphthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, 1980, p. 284).

26. Stark, W.S. and Koch, W.J. Properties of the "third eye" ofthe Drosophila mutant extra eye. Optical Society of America, 1980, Sarasota,FL (* Topical Meeting of Recent Advances in Vision, Optical Society of America,1980, page Th A 12).

27. Stark, W. Photoreceptor function in ee, a mutant with extra eyes. 22ndDrosophila Research Conference, 1981, Chicago, IL.

28. Miller, G.V. and Stark, W.S. Receptor-specific input into phototaxisin Drosophila. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1981,Sarasota, FL. (* Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement,1981, 20, p. 53).

29. Eldred, G.E., Stark, W.S., Miller, G.V. and Feeney-Burns, L. Fluorescentcomponents of retinal pigment epithelium lipofuscin. Association for Researchin Vision and Ophthalmology, 1981, Sarasota, FL. (* Investigative Ophthalmologyand Visual Science Supplement, 1981, 20, p. 162).

30. Stark, W.S. Ultraviolet light: Photosensitivity and other effects ofthe visual system (invited lecture). American Society for Photobiology,1981, Williamsburg, VA. (* Program and Abstracts, 1981, p. 126-128).

31. Stark, W. S., Miller, G. V., Fleischer, A. B. and Itoku, K. A. Ultravioletphotosensitivity and fluorescence in Drosophila compound eyes. 23rd DrosophilaResearch Conference, 1982, Storrs, CT.

33. Carlson, S.D. and Stark, W.S. Ultrastructure of retinal degenerationin a Drosophila mutant. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology,1982, Sarasota, FL. (* Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement,1982, 22, p. 284).

34. Chen, D.-M. and Stark, W.S. Dark adaptation in w;trp and w rdgB;trpmutants of Drosophila. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology,1982, Sarasota, FL. (* Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement,1982, 22, p. 190).

35. Miller, G.V., Itoku, K.A., Fleischer, A.B. and Stark, W.S. Damagingeffects of UV treatment in normal and vitamin A deprived Drosophila eyes.Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1982, Sarasota, FL.(* Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, 1982, 22,p. 66).

36. Stark, W., Fleischer, A., Itoku, K., Miller, G. and Srivastava, K. Light-inducedretinal damage in Drosophila. Fifth International Congress of Eye Research,1982, Veldhoven, The Netherlands (*Abstract book, 1982, p.34).

37. Stark, W., Miller, G., Eldred, G. and Feeney-Burns, L. Ultraviolet-excitedfluorescence of lipofuscin in human retinal pigment epithelium. Fifth InternationalCongress of Eye Research, 1982, Veldhoven, The Netherlands. (* Abstractbook, 1982, p. 14)

38.
Stark, W.S., Srivastava, K. and Carlson, S.D. High voltage electronmicroscope study of retinal degeneration in Drosophila. Society for Neuroscience,1982, Minneapolis, MN (* Neuroscience Abstracts 1982, 8, p. 530).

39. Carlson, S. D., Stark, W. S. and Srivastava, K. Ultrastructure of thevisual system of the Drosophila mutant ora (outer rhabdomeres absent). Associationfor Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1983, Sarasota, FL (* InvestigativeOphthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, 1983, 24, p. 28l).

40. Williams, T.T., White, C.W. and Stark, W.S. Ultraviolet visibility aftercataract extraction. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology,1983, Sarasota, FL (* Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement,1983, 24, p. l85).

41. Stark, W.S., Itoku, K.A., Srivastava, K. and Carlson, S.D. Retinal degenerationinduced by intense UV and blue stimuli in Drosophila. American Society forPhotobiology, 1983, Madison, WI (also Chairman of Vision Session) (* Photochemistryand Photobiology Supplement, 1983, 37, p. s84).

42. Carlson, S.D., Stark, W.S. and Chi, C. Rapid light-induced degenerationof photoreceptor terminals in rdgB mutant Drosophila. Association for Researchin Vision and Ophthamology, 1984, Sarasota, FL (* Investigative Ophthalmologyand Visual Science Supplement, 1984, 25, 18).

43. Stark, W.S., Walker, K., Taylor, J., Normile, C. and Norton, D. Sensitizedphotolysis of Drosophila rhodopsin in the ultraviolet. Association for Researchin Vision and Ophthalmology, 1984, Sarasota, FL (* Investigative Ophthalmologyand Visual Science Supplement, 1984, 25, 288).

44. Stark, W. S. Photoreceptor function and input in Drosophila. NIH workshopon "Invertebrate Models of the Genetic Bases of Behavior," 1984.

45. Carlson, S.D. and Stark, W.S. Protection against retinal degenerationin rdgBKS222 Drosophila by oraJK84, a mutant lacking photoreceptor rhabdomeres.Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, l985 Sarasota, FL.(* Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, l985, 26,l3l).

46. Srivastava, K., Stark, W.S., Carlson, S.D. and Chi, C. Ultrastructureof retinal degeneration in two different mutant alleles of the rdgA genein Drosophila. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, l985,Sarasota, FL. (* Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement,l985, 26, 63).

47. Stark, W.S., Eidel, J.M., Walker, K.D. and Maggard, E.L. Dark regenerationof visual pigment after intense stimulation in Drosophila. Association forResearch in Vision and Ophthalmology, l985, Sarasota FL (* InvestigativeOphthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, l985, 26, 291).

48. Stark, W.S. and Sapp, R. Cycling of photoreceptive membrane in Drosophilamelanogaster. 27th Drosophila Research Conference, 1986, Asilomar, CA.

49. Stark, W.S. Human cone spectra and macular pigment effects in the UVdetermined from aphakic observers. Association for Research in Vision andOphthalmology, 1986, Sarasota FL (* Investigative Ophthalmology and VisualScience Supplement, 1986, 27, 24).

50. Stark, W.S., Sapp, R. and Hartmann, C.R. Retinal degeneration and membranecycling in rdgB mutant Drosophila: Interaction with mutants which blockthe receptor potential and the lysosomal enzyme acid phosphatase. SeventhInternational Congress of Eye Research, 1986, Nagoya, Japan, (* Abstracts,Proc. Int. Soc. for Eye Res., 1986, 4, p 70).

51. Stark, W.S. and Sapp, R. Pathways of maintenance of photoreceptor membranein normal vitamin A deprived and mutant Drosophila. Society for Neuroscience,1986, Washington, D.C. (* Neuroscience Abstracts, 1986, 12, p. 630).

52. Stark, W.S. and Sapp, R. Development and senescence of the norpA (noreceptor potential) mutant of Drosophila. Association for Research in Visionand Ophthalmology, 1987, Sarasota FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and VisualScience Supplement, 1987, 28, 344.

53. Stark, W.S. and Sapp, R. Turnover of photoreceptor membrane in Drosophila.Molecular Neurobiology of Drosophila, 1987, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. (*MolecularNeurobiology of Drosophila, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York, p.13.)

54. Carlson, S.D., Stark, W.S. and Sapp, R. Fine structure of the ocelliof normal and mutant Drosophila. Association for Research in Vision andOphthalmology, 1988, Sarasota FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and VisualScience Supplement, 1988, 29, 349).

55. Schilly, D., Hartman, C.R., Stark, W.S., Bone, R.A. and Landrum, J.T.Receptor specific efficiencies of dietary zeaxunthin and lutein as photopigmentprecursors deduced from receptor mutant Drosophila. Association for Researchin Vision and Ophthalmology, 1988, Sarasota FL (*Investigative Ophthalmologyand Visual Science Supplement, 1988, 29, 388).

56. Stark, W.S., Sapp, R. and Schilly, D. Rhabdomere autophagy and rhodopsincycle in Drosophila. (Invited lecture) XVIII International Congress of Entomology,1988, Vancouver, Canada (*Proceedings XVIII International Congress of Entomology,1988, p. 110).

57. Stark, W.S. and Sapp, R. Drosophila: An animal model for studying retinaldegeneration. International Symposium on Retinal Degenerations. 1988, SanFrancisco, CA., (Invited Presentation, p. 9).

58. Stark, W.S., Sapp, R. and Schilly, D. Visual Pigment and Membrane turnoverin Drosophila. Photoreception. Invited symposium organizer, "InvertebrateVisual Pigments: Turnover and Receptor Maintenance. 8th International Congressfor Eye Research, 1988, San Francisco, CA (*Abstracts Proc. Int. Soc. forEye Res. 1988, 5, 100).

59. Stark, W.S. and Sapp, R. Ultrastructure of retinal degeneration in thecompound eye and ocelli of Drosophila. Society for Neuroscience, 1988, Toronto,Canada (*Neuroscience Abstracts, 1988, 14, p. 376).

60. Lin, T.-N., Sun, G.Y. and Stark, W.S. Phospholipid turnover and photoreceptortransduction in normonal and mutant fruit flies (Drosophila melanagaster).(*FASEB Journal 3, 1989, New Orleans, LA., P. A1298).

61. Stark, W.S., Sapp, R. and Carlson, S.D. Ultrastructure of ocelli (simpleeyes) in Drosophila melanogaster. 30th Drosophila Research Conference, 1989,New Orleans LA.

62. Carlson, S.D., Stark, W.S. and Sapp, R. High voltage electron microscopy(HVEM) of membrane turnover in Drosophila photoreceptors. Association forResearch in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1989, Sarasota, FL (*InvestigativeOphthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, 1989, 30, 241).

63. Stark, W.S., Chen, D.M., Christianson, J.S. and Sapp, R. Entrainmentof a circadian rhythm in the rhodopsin cycle of white and white-eyed periodmutant Drosophila. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology,1989, Sarasota, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement,1989, 30, 291).

64. Stark, W.S., Lin, T.-N., Brackhahn, D.A. and Sun, G.Y. Genetic dissectionof lipids in Drosophila heads using eye mutants. Molecular Neurobiologyof Drosophila, 1989, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. (*Molecular Neurobiology ofDrosophila. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York, p. 45).

65. Stark, W. S., Zinkl, G., Maier, L., Sapp, R., Studer, K, Chen, D.-M.Receptor demise in norpA is light dependent. 31st Drosophila Research Conference,1990, Asilomar, CA.

66. Chen, D.-M., Zinkl, G., Maier, L., Sapp, R., Studer, K., Stark, W. Visualpigment loss in norpA (no receptor potential) Drosophila and receptor degenerationin wild type are light dependent. Association for Research in Vision andOphthalmology, 1990, Sarasota, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and VisualScience Supplement, 1990, 31, 545).

67. Katz, M. L., Stark, W. S., White, R. H., Gao, C.-L., Kutryb, M. Influenceof dietary vitamin A on opsin density in photoreceptor outer segment discmembranes. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1990, Sarasota,FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, 1990, 31,77).

68. Sapp, R., Stark, W., Christianson, S., Maier, L., Studer, K. Immunocytochemistryand morphometry of carotenoid replacement in Drosophila. Association forResearch in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1990, Sarasota, FL (*InvestigativeOphthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, 1990, 31, 77).

69. Stark, W. S., Zinkl, G., Chen, D.-M., Maier, L., Sapp, R. and Studer,K. Light dependent receptor degeneration in white-eyed controls and rhodopsinloss in white-eyed norpA (no receptor potential) Drosophila. 9th InternationalCongress for Eye Research, 1990, Helsinki, Finland (*Abstracts Proc. Int.Soc. for Eye Res. 1990, 6, page 45).

70. Stark, W. S., Lin, T. N., Brackhahn, D., Sun, G. Y. Membrane phospholipids& fatty acids in Drosophila heads. International symposium on the OcularFunctions of Eicosanoids and Other Lipid Mediators, 1990 Helsinki, Finland(*Proceedings book page 2).

71. Stark, W. S., Katz, M. L. Opsin incorporation into photoreceptor membranes:Control by vitamin A in the rat vs. fly. International symposium on SignalTransduction in Photoreceptor Cells, 1990, Julich, West Germany (*SignalTransduction in Photoreceptor Cells, Book of Abstracts, KFA, 1990, p. 43).

72. Chen, D.-M., Christianson, J. S., Sapp, R. J., Stark, W. S. CircadianFacets of sensitivity, rhodopsin & rhabdomere in Drosophila. Societyfor Neuroscience, 1990, St. Louis, MO (*Neuroscience Abstracts, 1990, 16,page 1332).

73. Stark, W., Katz, M. Opsin gene expression: Control by vitamin A in ratvs. fly. Society for Neuroscience, 1990, St. Louis, MO (*Neuroscience Abstracts,1990, 16, page 1076).

74. Stark, W. S. Invited participant at National Eye Institute workshopon "Drosophila as a model for understanding the human visual system"

75. Griswold, M. S., Stark, W. S. Scotopic visual sensitivity at ultravioletand visible wavelengths in aphakic and normal observers. Association forResearch in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1991, Sarasota, FL (*InvestigativeOphthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, 1991, 32, p. 1211).

76. Chen, D.-M., Stark, W. S., Carulli, J., Brown, G. Mechanisms of ultravioletvisual sensitivity in different species of Drosophila. Association for Researchin Vision and Ophthalmology, 1991, Sarasota, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmologyand Visual Science Supplement, 1991, 32, p. 1152).

77. Sun, D., Harrelson, A., Stark, W. S. Carotenoid replacement enhanceschloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) activity in opsin-promoter - CATfusion Drosophila. 1991, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. (*Molecular Neurobiologyof Drosophila. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York, page 277).

78. Chen, D.-M., Katz, M. L. Stark, W. S. Restoration of rhodopsin levelsin retinoid-deprived rats after vitamin A repletion. Society for Neuroscience,1991, New Orleans LA (*Neuroscience Abstracts, 1991, 17, page 299).

79. Harrelson, A., Sun, D., Stark, W. Analysis of opsin gene expressionin Drosophila modulated by vitamin A and carotenoids. 33rd Drosophila ResearchConference, 1992, Philadelphia, PA (*Program and Abstracts volume p. 48).

80. Chen, D.-M., Christianson, J. S., Brown, G., Stark, W. S. Receptor demisefrom alteration of glycosylation site in Drosophila opsin. Association forResearch in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1992, Sarasota, FL (*InvestigativeOphthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, 1992, 33, 739).

81. Stark, W. S., Sun, D., Harrelson, A. Vitamin A interacts with opsin'spromoter: analyses with opsin promoter / CAT reporter fusion Drosophila.Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1992, Sarasota, FL(*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, 1992, 33, 1398).

82. Stark, W. S., Brown, G., Hombs, D., Christianson, J. S., White, R. Carotenoidreplacement in Drosophila: Freeze-fracture. Society for Neuroscience, 1992,Annaheim, CA (*Neuroscience Abstracts, 1992, 18, 1329).

83. Stark, W., Brown, G. Freeze-fracture electron microscopy: Influenceof vitamin A and visual mutations on the P-face particle density in Drosophilavisual membranes. 34th Drosophila Research Conference, 1993, San Diego,CA (*Program and Abstracts, page 228).

84. Chen, D.-M., Brown, G., Stark, W.S. Sensitivity and rhabdomere decreasesin heterozygotes of ora, a nonsense mutant allele of ninaE, the Drosophilarh1 opsin gene. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1993,Sarasota, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 1993, 34,808).

85. Stark, W. S., Wagner, R., Martin, C. Ultraviolet sensitivity of threecone types in aphakic observers determined by chromatic adaptation. Associationfor Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1993, Sarasota, FL (*InvestigativeOphthalmology and Visual Science, 1993, 34, 751).

86. Picking, W. L., Stark, W. S. Activation of opsin transcription by carotenoids.1993, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. (*Neurobiology of Drosophila. Cold SpringHarbor Laboratory, New York, p. 177, 1993).

87. Stark, W., Chen, D.-M., Lee, R. Retinoid and carotenoid effects on Drosophilaphotoreceptors. 35th Drosophila Research Conference, 1994, Chicago IL (*Programand Abstracts, p. 238).

88. Chen, D.-M., Stark, W. S. Ultraviolet sensitivity in the retinas ofjuvenile and adult goldfish. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology,1994, Sarasota, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 1994,35, 2046).

89. Stark, W. S., Thomas, C. F. Confocal microscopy of Drosophila receptorfluorescence. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1994,Sarasota, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 1994, 35,1521).

90. Stark, W. S. Form and function in the development of first order visualsynapses. Second Visual System Workshop, Asilomar, CA 1994.

91. Stark, W. S. Manipulating retinal degeneration in Drosophila with lighttreatments, dietary carotenoids, and mutations of visual pigment and transduction.International Symposium on Retinal Degeneration, Jerusalem, Israel, 1994.

92. Stark, W. S. R1-6 visual pigment is reduced by green light in Drosophila.11th International Congress for Eye Research, 1994, New Delhi, India (*ExperimentalEye Research, 1994, 59, S.33).

93. Chen, D.-M., Thomas, C. F., Hunnius, D. J., Stark, W. S. Sensitivityand microscopy of transgenic Drosophila with R7 UV rhodopsins expressedin R1-6 receptors. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology,1995, Fort Lauderdale, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science,1995, 36, s273).

94. Stark, W. S., Picking, W. L., Vogt, M. Transcriptional control of Drosophilaopsin by retinoids. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology,1995, Fort Lauderdale, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science,1995, 36, s771).

95. Picking, W. L., Stark, W. S. Retinoids control Drosophila opsin transcription.International Symposium on the Molecular Mechamisms of Vision in Invertebrates,1995, Aachen, Germany, p. 49.

96. Stark, W. S., Thomas, C. F.,, Hunnius, D. J., Chen, D.-M. Laser confocalmicroscopy of Drosophila photoreceptor fluorescence. 1995, Cold Spring Harbor,NY. (*Neurobiology of Drosophila. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York,1995, p. 186).

97. Shim, K., Wiggert, B. N., Kutty, G., Duncan, T., Kutty, K., Stark, W.S. Localization of Drosophila retinoid binding protein in the compound eye.Society for Neuroscience, 1995, San Diego, CA (*Neuroscience Abstracts,1995, 21, p. 1174).

98. Chen, D. M., Dong, G., Stark, W. S. Ultraviolet light damage and reversalby retinoic acid in the goldfish: Microscopy and electrophysiology. Associationfor Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1996, Fort Lauderdale, FL (*InvestigativeOphthalmology and Visual Science, 1996, 37, page 1047).

99. Kutty, R. K., Kutty, G., Duncan, T., Rodriguez, I. R., Shim, K., Stark,W. S., Wiggert, B. Molecular colning of a novel gene encoding a Drosophilaretinoid- and fatty acid-binding glycoprotein expressed in cone (Semper)cells of the compound eye. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology,1996, Fort Lauderdale, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science,1996, 37, page S802).

100. Stark, W. S., Shim, K., Thomas, C. F., Lee, R. D., Shortridge, R. D.,Retinoid deprivation reduces phospholipase C (PLC-b), product of the DrosophilanorpA gene. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1996,Fort Lauderdale, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 1996,37, page S803).

101. Picking, W. L., Stark, W. S. A retinoid responsive region in the promotercontrols opsin gene expression in Drosophila. Third Visual System Workshop,Asilomar, CA 1996.

102. Stark, W. S., Thomas, C. F. Confocal microscopy of the autofluorescenceof the visual pigments in normal and transgenic Drosophila" Invitedto contribute to symposium"Autofluorescence of Ocular Tissue"at the XII International Congress of Eye Research in Yokohama, Japan, 1996(*Experimental Eye Research supplement vol. 63, p. S.38; Organized and introducedsymposium on visual transduction in Drosophila at the International Congressof Eye Research in Yokohama, Japan, October, 1996.

103. Chen, D.-M., Liou, G. I., Katz, M. L., Stark, W. S., Vitamin A deprivationin the mouse: Visual sensitivity recovery resulting from replacement. VIIInternational Retinal Degeneration Symposium, Sendai, Japan, 1996.

104. Wiggert, B., Kutty, G., Duncan, T. Rodrigues, I. R., Shim, K., Picking,W. L., Stark, W. S., Kutty, R. K. Expression in the cone (Semper) cellsof the Drosophila compound eye of a retinoid- and fatty acid- binding glycoprotein:A putative lipophorin. VII International Retinal Degeneration Symposium,Sendai, Japan, 1996.

105. Kim, S., Chen, D.-M., Miller, K., Stark, W. S., Shortridge, R. D. Expressionof the norpA-encoded phospholipase C-b subtype II in the visual system ofDrosophila. Society for Neuroscience, 1996, Washington, DC (*NeuroscienceAbstracts, 1996, 22, 1815).

106. Chen, D.-M., Kim, S., Miller, K., Shortridge, R. D., Stark, W. S.,Rescue of norpA Drosophila by an alternatively spliced subtype of phospholipaseC-b which is not normally expressed in the visual system. Association forResearch in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1997, Fort Lauderdale, FL (*InvestigativeOphthalmology and Visual Science, 1997, 38, page S911).

107. Shim, K., Picking, W. L., Thomas, C, F., Kutty, R., K., Wiggert, B.N. Stark, W. S. Retinoid and fatty acid binding glycoprotein: Control byretinoids and retinoic acid in Drosophila. Association for Research in Visionand Ophthalmology, 1997, Fort Lauderdale, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmologyand Visual Science, 1997, 38, page S304).

108. Liou, G. I., Matragoon, S., Chen, D.-M., Gao, C., Fei, Y., Katz, M.,Stark, W. S. Retinol-dependent visual sensitivity and interphotoreceptorretinoid-binding protein (IRBP) content in mouse. Association for Researchin Vision and Ophthalmology, 1997, Fort Lauderdale, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmologyand Visual Science, 1997, 38, page s4).

109. Miller, K., D.-M. Chen D. M., Kim, S., Shortridge, R. D. Stark, W.S. Truncation of the C-terminal domain of norpA abolishes visual functionbut not phospholipase C (PLC) activity. 1997, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. (*Neurobiologyof Drosophila. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York, 1997, p. 128).

110 Stark, W.S., Shim, K., Thai, S., Chen, D.-M., Thomas, C. F., Wiggert,B. N., Carlson, S. D., Venkatesh, T. Structure of Drosophila rugose mutanteyes and retinoid binding protein labeling. Society for Neuroscience, 1997,New Orleans, LA (*Neuroscience Abstracts, 1997, 23, p. 169).

111. Stark, W. S., Wang, R., Deutch, C., Thomas, C. F., Confocal microscopyand microfluorometry of receptor and opsin multiplicity in Drosophila. Associationfor Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1998, Fort Lauderdale, FL (*InvestigativeOphthalmology and Visual Science, 1998, 39, p. S1058).

112. Samuel, W., Kutty, R. K., Kutty, G., Iwata, T., Stark, W. S., Wiggert,B. Transcriptional regulation of Drosophila retinoid- and fatty acid-bindingglycoprotein by retinoic acid. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology,1998, Fort Lauderdale, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science,1998, 39, p. S423).

113. Dong, G., Chen, D.-M., Stark, W. S. Ultraviolet light damage and reversalby retinoic acid in the goldfish: Microscopy and electrophysiology. VIIIInternational Symposium on retinal degeneration, Schluchsee, Germany, 1998.

114. Stark, W. S., Wang, R., Deutch, C. M., Thomas, C. F. Micorospectrofluorimetryof opsins in normal and transgenic Drosophila: Comparison with confocalmicroscopy. XIII International Congress of Eye Research, Paris, France,1998. (*Experimental Eye Research 67, supplement, 1998, p. S189).

115. Stark, W. S., Thomas, C. F., Deutch, C. F., Wang, R. Confocal microscopyof opsin-specific autofluorescence in Drosophila. Fourth Visual System Workshop,Asilomar, CA 1998.

116. Stark, W. S., Polizzi, J. L., Beatty, J. A., Retinoid-dependent expressionof green fluorescent protein in in vivo promoter-reporter analyses for opsinin Drosophila. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1999,Fort Lauderdale, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 1999,40, p. S158).

117. Beatty, J. A., Stark, W. S. Retinoids control green fluorescent protein (GFP) in analyses of Drosophila opsin's promoter. 1999, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. (*Neurobiology of Drosophila. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York, 1999, p. 26).

118. Stark, W. S., Miller, K., Chen, D.-M., Kim, S., Shortridge, R. D. Rescue with C-terminal truncations of Drosophila NORPA: Abolition of visual function but not phospholipase C (PLC) activity. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1999, Fort Lauderdale, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 1999, 40, p. s611).

119. Neckameyer, W., O'Donnell, J., Huang, Z., Stark, W. Dopamine and sensory tissue development in Drosophila melanogaster. 42nd Drosophila research conference, Washington DC, 2001

 

120. Stark, W. S., Thomas, C. F., Engelke, C. Multiplicity of R7 UV receptors in the Drosophila compound eye studied by z-series confocal analysis of GFP reporter. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2000, Fort Lauderdale, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 2001, 42, p. S367). Abstract on line

 

121. Meyer-Bernstein, E. L., Lin, F. J., Yue, Z., William Stark, W., Sehgal, A., Regulation of the Drosophila photosensitivity rhythmby TIMELESS protein, 2001, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. (*Neurobiology of Drosophila. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York, 2001).

 

122. Stark, W. S., Katz, M. L., Meyer, J. S., Agarwal, S., Kirk, M. D. Transplantation of stem
cell-derived neural precursors into the eyes of mice with hereditary retinal degeneration, Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2002, Fort Lauderdale, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 2002, 43). Abstract on line

 

123. Stark, W. S., Pineda, K. G., Thomas, C. F. Rhodopsin-promoter - GFP (green fluorescent protein)-reporter analysis in Drosophila. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2002, Fort Lauderdale, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 2003, 44). Abstract on line

 

124. Stark, W. S. Drosophila's six opsins: visualizing visual pigment and rhodopsin-metarhodopsin conversions in live animals. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2004, Fort Lauderdale, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 2004, 45). Abstract on line.

 

125. Stark, W. S. Green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression does not interfere with photoreceptor function in Drosophila. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2005, Fort Lauderdale, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 2005, 46). Abstract on line.

 

126. Stark, W. S. Effects of lutein and zeaxanthin as chromophore precursors and in regulating opsin gene expression in Drosophila. Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 2006, Fort Lauderdale, FL (*Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 2006, 47). Abstract on line.

 

127. Eissenberg, J. C., Ilvarson, A. M, Stark, W. S., Pohlmann, R., Sly, W. S., Waheed, A., and Dennes, A. C. The sorting adaptor GGA in D. melanogaster is essential and required for normal lysosome function. 51st Drosophila research conference, Washington DC, 2010

 

Regional Presentations:

 

Stark, W.S. In vivo spectral characteristics of responsivity shifts mediatedby rhodopsin intermediates in Drosophila. Atlantic regional Associationfor Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, 1974, Bethesda, MD.

Stark, W.S. On the genetic evidence for the three photoreceptor types inthe Drosophila retina. Mid-Atlantic Regional Drosophila Research Conference,1974, Baltimore, MD.

Stark, W., Zitzmann, W. and Harris, W. Vitamin A deprivational and retinaldegeneration studies of adaptation and transduction mechanisms in Drosophila.Atlantic Regional Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology,1975, Durham, NC.

Stark, W.S. Spectral sensitivity and adaptation in Drosophila visual receptors.Atlantic regional Drosophila Research Conference, 1976, Princeton, NJ.

Stark, W., Greenberg, R., Hu, K., Ivanyshyn, A., Lakin, D. and Zitzmann,W. A critical evaluation of the two-peaked fly receptor spectral sensitivity.Atlantic Regional Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology,1976, New Haven, CT.

Stark, W., Chapin, M., Greenberg, R., Ivanyshyn, A. and Lakin, D. on theoptical properties of Drosophila receptors. Also, Hu, K. and Stark, W.,on phototaxis of normal and receptor deficient Drosophila mutants. Mid-AtlanticRegional Drosophila Research Conference, 1977, Baltimore, MD.

Hu, K. G., Reichert, H. and Stark, W. S. On ocelli in Drosophila. Mid-AtlanticRegional Drosophila Research Conference, Catonsville, MD.

Stark, W. S. Adaptation components of Drosophila R1-6 receptors: Photopigmentvs. membrane mediated processes. Western Regional Association for Researchin Vision and Ophtalmology: Symposium on Photoreceptor Function and RetinalPathology, 1977, Menlo Park, CA.

Johnson, M., Greenberg, R. and Stark, W. S. Seeing and measuring visualpigment conversion in Drosophila. Mid-Atlantic Regional Drosophila ResearchConference, 1978, Baltimore, MD.

Miller, G. V. and Stark, W. S. Receptor-specific input into phototaxis inDrosophila. Midwest Neurobiologists Meeting, 1981, Iowa City, IA.

Stark, W. Genetic dissection of the electroretinogram in Drosophila. Electrophysiologyof Neural Tissue, 198l: Techniques, Accomplishments, Possibilities Symposium, University of Missouri, Columbia, 198l.

Stark, W.S. Turnover of photoreceptive membrane in Drosophila. Heart of America Vision Meeting, 1988, Kansas City, KS.

Christianson, J.S., Sapp, R., Chen, D.M., Zinkl, G., Maier, L., Studer,K., Stark, W.S. Morphometric and related analyses of Drosophila rhabdomeres.Heart of America Vision Meeting, 1989, Columbia, MO.

Lin, T.-N., Brackhahn, D.A., Sun, G.Y., Stark, W.S. Analysis of lipids in Drosophila heads using eye mutants. Heart of America Vision Meeting, 1989,Columbia, MO.

Zinkl, G., Stark, W., Chen, D.-M., Maier, L., Sapp, R., Studer, K. Rhodopsin loss in white-eyed norpA (no receptor potential) Drosophila and receptordegeneration in controls depend on light induced excitation. First Regional Cell Biology Conference, Chicago, IL.

Stark and coworkers, 4 poster and slide presentations plus one lab tour at the Central Missouri Chapter of the Society for Neuroscience,1982-1986.

Christianson, J. S., Stark, W. S., Sapp, R., Maier, L. Studer, K. Immunocytochemistry& morphometry of carotenoid replacement in Drosophila. Thirteenth AnnualMeeting of Midwest Neurobiologists, Madison, WI

Stark, W. S., Christianson, J. S. Opsin gene expression: Control by vitaminA in rat vs. fly. Thirteenth Annual Meeting of Midwest Neurobiologists,Madison, WI

Stark, W. S. Opsin gene regulation: control by vitamin A in the fly. 1990Midwest Drosophila Conference, Allerton Park Conference Center, IL

Christianson, J. S., Chen, D.-M., Sapp, R. J., Stark, W. S. Circadian facetsof sensitivity, rhodopsin & rhabdomere in Drosophila. 1990 Midwest DrosophilaConference, Allerton Park Conference Center, IL

Christianson, J. S., Brown, G., Chen, D.-M., Stark, W. S. Effects of thelack of N-linked glycosylation of opsin in the Drosophila mutant DAsn20.Heart of America Vision Meeting, 1991, Kansas City, KS.

Sun, D., Harrelson, A., Stark, W. S. Carotenoid replacement enhances chloramphenicolacetyltransferase (CAT) activity in opsin-promoter - CAT fusion Drosophila.1991 Midwest Drosophila Conference, Allerton Park Conference Center, IL

Chen, D.-M., Stark, W. S. Effects of temperature on visual receptors intemperature sensitive shibire [shits] mutants of Drosophila. Fifteenth Annual Meeting of Midwest Neurobiologists, 1992, Columbia, MO.

Sun, D., Stark, W. Harrelson, A., Vitamin A interacts with opsin's promoter: Analyses with opsin promoter - CAT reporter fusion Drosophila. Fifteenth Annual Meeting of Midwest Neurobiologists, 1992, Columbia, MO.

Stark, W., Brown, G., Hombs, D., Christianson, J. S. White, R. Freeze fractureanalysis of carotenoid replacement in Drosophila visual receptors. FifteenthAnnual Meeting of Midwest Neurobiologists, 1992, Columbia, MO.

Stark, W. S., Brown, G., Chen, D.-M., Christianson, J. S., Lee, R. Does glycosylation deficiency interfere with rhodopsin synthesis or deployment?1992 Midwest Drosophila Conference, Allerton Park Conference Center, IL

Lee, R. Stark, W. Retinoid regulation of opsin gene expression 1993 Midwest Drosophila Conference, Allerton Park Conference Center, IL

Chen, D.-M., Stark, W. S., Hunnius, D. Electrophysiology and microscopy of transformed flies with R7 UV rhodopsins expressed in the major photoreceptor,R1-6. 1994 Midwest Drosophila Conference, Allerton Park Conference Center,IL

Stark, W. S., Picking, W., Vogt, M. Regulation of opsin gene transcription by retinoids: Northern and Western analyses. 1994 Midwest Drosophila Conference, Allerton Park Conference Center, IL

Shim, K., Picking, W. L., Kutty, K., Thomas, C. F., Wiggert, B., Stark,W. S. Control of Drosophila retinoid binding protein gene expression bycarotenoids and retinoic acid: Northern, western and immunocytochemicalanalysis.1996 Midwest Drosophila Conference, Allerton Park Conference Center,IL

Stark, W. S., Thomas, C. F., Laser confocal microscopy of Drosophila photoreceptor
fluorescence. 1996 Midwest Drosophila Conference, Allerton Park ConferenceCenter, IL

Chen, D.-M., Kim, S., Miller, K., Stark, W. S., Shortridge, R. D. Expressionof the norpA-encoded phospholipase C-b subtype II in the visual system ofDrosophila.1996 Midwest Drosophila Conference, Allerton Park ConferenceCenter, IL

Shim, K., Picking, W. L., Thomas, C, F., Kutty, R., K., Wiggert, B. N. Stark,W. S. Retinoid and fatty acid binding glycoprotein: Control by retinoidsand retinoic acid in Drosophila. 1997 Midwest Drosophila Conference, AllertonPark Conference Center, IL

Wang, R., Stark, W. S. Cell specific analyses of eye color pigment mosaicism.1997 Midwest Drosophila Conference, Allerton Park Conference Center, IL


Stark, W. S., Wang, R., Deutch, C., Thomas, C. F., Confocal microscopy andmicrofluorometry of receptor and opsin multiplicity in Drosophila. 21st Meeting of Midwest Neurobiologists, 1999, Madison, WI.

 

Beatty, J. A., Stark, W. S., Retinoid control of green fluorescent protein (GFP) in opsin promoter analysis of Drosophila. 1999 Midwest Drosophila Conference, Allerton Park Conference Center, IL

 

Mayer, A, Stark, W. S., Wagnon, J., Neckameyer, W. A role for dopamine in sensory development in Drosophila, 1999 Midwest Drosophila Conference, Allerton Park Conference Center, IL

 

Meyer-Bernstein, E. L., Lin, F. J., Yue, Z., Stark, W. S., Sehgal, A., Regulation of the Drosophila photosensitivity rhythm by TIMELESS protein. Society for Research of Biological Rhythms meeting in Amelia Is, FLorida, 2002.

 

Luan, S., Ilvarson, A., Stark, W., and Eissenberg, J. Drosophila the ultimate model for analyzing the new adaptor protein GGA. Shan Luan is a biology Ph.D. student. 2011 Midwest Drosophila Research Conference, Nov 4-5 2011, Allerton Park Conference Center, Illinois

 

Colloquia and Seminars:

 

Brown University, Department of Psychology, November, 1972.
Johns Hopkins University, Department of Psychology, November, 1972. plus about 12 other formal research colloquial and seminars, various departments, (1973-1979).
Purdue University, Department of Biology, May 1974.
University of Southern California, Department of Biology, March, 1976.
Yale University, Department of Biology, June, 1976.
Purdue University, Departments of Biology and Psychology, August 1976.
University of Wisconsin, Madison, Department of Molecular Biology, September, 1976.
Temple University, Department of Biology, November, 1976.
Merck and Co., Inc., Research Division, August, 1978.
University of Rochester Medical Center, Ctr. Brain Res., August, 1978.
Universitat Freiburg, Inst. fur Biologie III, August, 1978.
Max Planck Inst. Biol. Kybernetik, Tubingen, August, 1978.
Universitat Zurich, Zoologisches Institut, September, 1978.
Universitat Wurzburg, Inst. Genetik und Mikrobiologie, September, 1978.
Rijksuniversitat Groningen Physics and Genetics, October and November, 1978.
Ruhr Universitat Bochum, Lehrstuhl fur Tierphysiologie, November, 1978.
University of Missouri, Biology Department, January, 1979. (plus about 30 other formal research presentations, colloquia and seminars, various departments, 1979-present).
University of Wisconsin, Madison, Neuroscience Lecture Series, November, 1979.
University of Texas-Houston, Grad. Sch. Biomed. Sci., June, 1980.
Purdue University, Vision Group, December, 1981.
University of Texas-Houston, Sensory Sciences, January, 1982.
University of Kansas-Lawrence, Entomology, March, 1982.
University of Wisconsin, Madison, Neuroscience and Ophthalmology, March, 1982.
Yale University, Biology, March, 1982.
Wayne State University, Biology and Neuroscience, April, 1982.
Concordia University, Montreal, Psychology, May, 1982.
Royal Netherlands Eye Hospital, Utrecht, Ophthalmology, September, 1982.
Rijksuniversiteit Gronigen, Biophysics, October, 1982.
Washington University, St. Louis, Drosophila discussion group, November, 1983.
University of Wisconsin, Madison, Department of Entomology, June, 1984.
Concordia University, Montreal, Psychology, July, 1984.
NIH Workshop on Invertebrate Neurogenetics, Bethesda, December, l984.
Chinese University of Hong Kong, Anatomy, September, 1986.
University of Hawaii, Genetics, October, 1986.
Purdue University, Vision Group, March, 1987.
Wayne State University, Department of Biological Sciences, December, 1988.
Louisana State University Eye Center, April, 1989.
University of Massachusetts - Boston, Vision Group, October, 1989.
Temple University, Department of Biology, October, 1989.
Purdue University, Department of Biological Sciences, June, 1991.
Staint Louis University, Bethesda Eye Institute, October, 1991.
University of Kentucky, Department of Biology, Fefruary, 1992.
Staint Louis University, Department of Biology, April, 1992.
(plus about 18 research seminars and colloquia, various departments, 1992-present).
University of Missouri - St. Louis, Department of Biology, October, 1992.
University of Kansas, Department of Anatomy, November, 1992.
Rijksuniversiteit Gronigen, Biophysics, August, 1995.
University of Wisconsin - Madison, Department of Ophthalmology, July, 1996.
Yokohama City University, Department of Biology, October, 1996.
University of Notre Dame, Department of Biology, February, 1997.
University of Pittsburgh, Department of Ophthalmology, May, 1997.
National Eye Institute, Department of Biochemistry, August, 1997.
Washington University, St. Louis, Drosophila discussion group, October, 1997.
University of Missouri - Columbia, Department of Ophthalmology, June, 2001.
Washington University, St. Louis, Drosophila discussion group, September, 2002.


This page was last updated October 18, 2016

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